Heat, bugs and constant rain are just some of the elements Royal Marines face as they learn to survive and fight in the harsh African jungle.
Commando, have taken part in a week-long jungle training package at the Ghanaian Jungle Warfare School in Achiase.
As Britain’s experts in cold weather warfare, the men of 45 Commando are finding themselves a long way from their regular training grounds in and around Arbroath.
Instead they are working alongside their Dutch, Spanish and US counterparts, strengthening bonds between the four marine corps and their host nations, as part of a multinational deployment known as African Winds.
The first element of the deployment was Exercise Spartan Viper. Set against the backdrop of the Ghanaian rainy season, the international task force held military exercises alongside Ghanaian Armed Forces.
Whiskey Company commanding officer, Major Tony Liva, said: “It’s important for the Royal Marines to be familiar with this environment as we are one of the UK’s rapid reaction forces and we’ve got to be able to operate in demanding terrain, and the jungle is definitely demanding.
“We see this engagement as an excellent opportunity to contribute to the security of the West African maritime environment and to conduct some valuable cross training with African partners and members of the combined security cooperation task force.”
The international task force of Marines joined the Royal Netherlands Navy landing platform dock HNLMS Rotterdam at the end of August as part of a three-month effort to strengthen capabilities with African partner forces in West Africa.
During the deployment, exercises will be carried out with partner nations including Benin, Cameroon, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal.
The combined military engagements stem from the Africa Partnership Station programme. Established in 2007, it aims to improve maritime safety and security in Africa by building the skills, expertise and professionalism of African militaries.
Whiskey Company will finish their jungle training with a large scale exercise in Cameroon planned for later this month.